Ancient crocodile of Sahara

Terrifying ancient crocodile discovered in the Sahara was the size of a bus

Paleontologists searching far and wide in Tunisia made a discovery of massive proportions: the world’s largest sea-dwelling crocodile, previously unknown to science.

This prehistoric crocodile is believed to have measured more than 30 feet long and weighed three tons. The skull alone is more than five feet long. Researchers named the new species the Machimosaurus rex and described their findings this week in the journal Cretaceous Research.

“Massive” is how lead author Federico Fanti of the University of Bologna described the crocodile. “It’s just big. It’s almost the size of a bus.”

He added: “It definitely was at the top of the food chain at the time, at least in this particular locality.”
The skull of M. rex in white, and a reconstruction in black shows how it compares in size to a human. (Federico Fanti)

Fanti and his team, supported by National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration, found the fossils buried below just a few inches of sediment on the edge of the Sahara Desert in Tunisia, a country rich with fossils.

“This one was a big surprise, not because we found fossils, but we found beautiful ones,” Fanti said. The skull took two days to uncover, and the “rest of the body was just lying there.”

This particular site was likely home to a lagoon that faced the ocean. Researchers also found the remains of fish and turtles that they still need to identify.

The M. rex was “absolutely capable” of hunting in the water and could have been an ambush predator or a scavenger, Fanti said. Comparing M. rex to other crocodiles that also have big heads and short teeth suggests the M. rexhad “a very incredibly powerful bite force” that would let it crush its food, Fanti said. Turtles, for instance, would have been an ideal meal.

This discovery is groundbreaking for reasons other than girth; Fanti said this finding undermines previous theories about prehistoric life. The group of crocodiles that M. rex belongs to was considered to have gone extinct about 150 million years ago at the end of the Jurassic Period, but this particular M. rex lived about 130 million years ago.

Previous studies pointed to “a big global extinction between the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods that wiped out a number of marine reptiles, including this group of reptiles,” Fanti said. M. rex lived way after this “hypothesized mass extinction.”

Read the full article at WP 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Advertisements

The Best Video Production and Informative Health Platform

%d bloggers like this: