The scientific name of the fruit is the very tree it comes from, Annona muricata. It also is known as guanabana fruit (the Spanish name), cherimoya, corossol, guyabano, and Brazilian paw paw (although subtle differences exist). And graviola, the name by which it is widely known, is the Portuguese reference. Another type of the fruit is the Jamaican soursop, which is native to the Caribbean and Central Americas. The tree is small and upright, and can grow up to 4 meters tall (13 ft). The leaves are 8 to 16 centimeters long and about 3 centimeters wide. The soursop fruit is dark green. It is ovoid in shape and can be up to 30 centimeters in length.
Soursop contains numerous phytonutrients that can fight disease-causing cells and even certain kinds of tumors.
These phytonutrients contain antioxidant properties that enhance the overall health. They help fight cancer, enhance eye health, and treat a range of infections (1). Even the soursop seeds are used for cosmetic purposes. The oil from the seeds cleanses and tones the skin. The leaves of the tree are known to treat ulcers, skin conditions like eczema, and disorders related to weak immunity. One can get more benefits by drinking soursop tea as well. As per a study published in January 2011, the tea can help prevent cancer. This includes cancers of the throat, colon, ovary, and the lungs.
Why Is Soursop Good For You?
The fruit is popular amongst practitioners of herbal medicine, given its ability to relieve stomach distress, pain, fever, respiratory issues (cough being one of them), and certain other medical conditions.
Soursop is known to contain specific substances with biological activity – the most potent of these being annonacin, which is one of the many compounds that form acetogenins. Acetogenins have been widely studied for their anti-cancer potential. In one study, soursop compounds were found to be 250 times more effective in killing cancer cells (breast cancer) than certain chemotherapy drugs. One soursop fruit contains about 15 milligrams of annonacin, and one can of commercially prepared soursop nectar contains 36 milligrams.
Source – SC