Category Archives: Cannabis

Cannabis Grow Lighting Lecture

Dr. Bruce Bugbee debunks myths and answers FAQs on grow lights for cannabis based on his research so far at Utah State University’s Crop Physiology Lab (see time-stamps below to navigate topics). Bruce is a world-renowned crop physiology professor famous for his work in controlled environment agriculture for NASA and is president of Apogee Instruments, a developer of research-grade instruments used in precision agriculture. Bruce’s lab at Utah State is one of the few with a license to study cannabis cultivation with several active research projects underway (see: ). The lab’s license is to research hemp, but these principles apply to marijuana, including sativa and indica. Some of Bruce’s answers in this video are based on what the research is showing so far, but further tests are underway. As this is a very hot topic right now, we will do our best to monitor questions posted in the comments below and ask Bruce to answer them in future videos. Timestamps of topics covered

: 0:00 Intro
2:24 Light as one of the nine cardinal parameters
4:04 Can too much light cause problems with my cannabis plants? 5:30 How far should my lights be above my cannabis plants?
9:30 What is the optimum light intensity for growing cannabis? 16:59 PAR and PPFD explained
19:30 The best DLI (Daily Light Integral) for Cannabis
24:25 The proper tools to measure light levels
26:40 DLI levels for seedlings/cuttings
27:20 Photo periods and light pollution thresholds during dark periods
30:20 New light pollution sensors
31:30 Light requirements of different cultivars
32:50 Light quality effect on the synthesis of cannabinoids and terpenes
34:17 UV and Far-red effects on cannabis
39:40 Optimal spectrum for veg and flowering
42:52 Design Light Consortium (DLC) and light efficiency listings

Links: * Dr Bruce Bugbee’s bio:…… *
Apogee PPFD Handheld meter version –… *
USB Smart Sensor version –… *
All other models –… Apogee PAR-FAR and Red – Far-red sensors:…
Apogee microCache Bluetooth micrologger:…
Design Light Consortium:

Jamaica Cannabis Safer than the States ?

As legal marijuana moves from basements and backwoods to warehouses and commercial fields, the mold and spider mites that once ruined only a few plants at a time can now quickly create a multimillion-dollar crisis for growers. Some are turning to industrial-strength chemicals, raising concerns about safety.

Pesticides and herbicides are regulated by the federal government, which still regards almost all marijuana as an illicit crop, so there’s no roadmap to help pot farmers. Chemists and horticulturalists can’t offer much assistance either. They sometimes disagree about how to combat the problem, largely because the plant is used in many different ways — smoked, eaten and sometimes rubbed on the skin.

Even if marijuana farmers get help with controlling these pests; pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and even fertilizer is not something that a marijuana user wants to have in their marijuana. This is what differentiate marijuana from a small country like Jamaica where it is grown by small farmers versus the United States where it is now being mass produced by big industrial corporations. The side effects from the chemicals in the marijuana from the United States and Canada could override the benefit. For the marijuana smokers who are organic food fanatics, it would make sense for them to head to Jamaica for marijuana versus buying it from an American grower. If you want your food organic, it would make sense that you would want your marijuana organic also.

“We have an industry that’s been illegal for so many years that there’s no research. There’s no guidelines. There’s nothing,” said Frank Conrad, lab director for Colorado Green Lab, a pot-testing lab in Denver.

In states that regulate marijuana, officials are just starting to draft rules governing safe levels of chemicals. So far, there have been no reports of any human illness traced to chemicals used on marijuana, but worries persist.

The city of Denver this spring quarantined tens of thousands of marijuana plants at 11 growing facilities after health inspectors suspected use of unauthorized pesticides. Some of the plants were later released after tests revealed the pot was safe, but two producers voluntarily destroyed their plants. Eight businesses have still at least some plants in quarantine.

So right now, marijuana in the United States is a hit or miss where safety from chemicals is concerned. While great, small farmer grown marijuana with no chemicals is just a plane flight away in Jamaica. Of course most wont go to Jamaica just for marijuana but the island is also a great vacation destination with plenty more to do besides smoking marijuana.

In Oregon, a June investigation by The Oregonian newspaper found pesticides in excess of legal limits on products ranging from marijuana buds to concentrated marijuana oils. Other pesticides detected on the marijuana are not regulated by Oregon’s marijuana rules, meaning that products containing those chemicals still can be sold there.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which decides which pesticides can be used on which crops, just last month told Colorado and Washington authorities that they could apply to have some cannabis-related chemicals approved through what’s called a “special local need registration.” But that process could take years.

Colorado and Oregon require retail marijuana to undergo testing for pesticides and other contaminants. But as the Oregon investigation showed, the testing regimes are imperfect. And Colorado hasn’t yet implemented requirements for retail pot to undergo pesticide testing because of regulatory delays.

Tested or not, if chemicals are put on marijuana it could become just as dangerous as cigarettes.

Washington state is still working on its pesticide rules. The nation’s largest marijuana producer, California, has no regulations at all for growing commercial pot.

“It’s a lot more difficult than it sounds, and it’s expensive,” Washington Liquor Control Board spokesman Brian Smith said about testing for pesticides.

As a result, unscrupulous pot growers can use banned chemicals with little chance of being caught.

“We were taken by surprise, this whole pesticide issue,” said Ashley Kilroy, Denver’s director of marijuana policy. She was talking to a room of about 200 pot-industry workers invited to lunch earlier this month to learn about pesticide quarantines and rules.

What the growers heard wasn’t encouraging.

“There is no federal agency that will recognize this as a legitimate crop,” said Whitney Cranshaw, a Colorado State University entomologist and pesticide expert. “Regulators just bury their heads, and as a result, pest-management information regarding this crop devolves to Internet chats and hearsay.”

Marijuana growers are indeed guessing when they treat their plants. If marijuana growers are guess then obviously marijuana smokers are guessing when they smoke American marijuana.

For example, one of the chemicals cited in the Denver quarantines, a fungicide called Eagle 20 EW, is commonly used on grapes and hops but can become dangerous when heated and is banned for use on tobacco. No research exists on whether the fungicide is safe to use on pot that will be eaten.

Several pot growers interviewed by The Associated Press agreed that research is needed on pesticides for pot. But they pointed out that pesticides are widely used on food crops, and that weed consumers have never before had as much information about the marijuana they buy.

“It’s just like broccoli or spinach or peaches or anything. The plant is susceptible to certain pests,” said Gabriel Fairorth, cultivation manager for Denver’s Herbal Remedies.

Fairorth does not use any banned chemicals on his plants and was not affected by the quarantines, but he questioned some of the banned chemicals.

“If you have all these chemicals that are safe on products you eat, but you can’t use them on marijuana, I don’t know that I agree with that.”

The founder of the nation’s oldest marijuana-legalization advocacy group, Keith Stroup of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, or NORML, pointed out that regulators today are at least starting to look at marijuana safety.

In the 1980s, the federal government used an herbicide called paraquat to kill illicit marijuana crops, even though the poison had been banned from national forests because of environmental concerns. NORML complained to the White House that some of that weed survived and was turning up on the street.

“The response was, ‘It’s illegal and we don’t have an obligation not to poison it,’” Stroup recalled. “No one was taking us seriously.”

Recent actions by states with legal weed have been encouraging, if slow, he said.

“The idea that it’s been on the black market and people are fine so therefore we don’t need testing is absurd,” Stroup said. “No one would want to be using a product that has molds or pesticides.”

Source –  18KaratReggae 

West Hollywood | Original Cannabis Cafe

In West Hollywood, customers can find a legal cannabis food spot, called Original Cannabis Cafe, owned by chef Andrea Drummer, making it the first in the country. This cafe is not for everyone, because in order to get a chance to eat at this cafe, customers must be 21-years-old to enter and can only stay for an hour and a half to keep reservations flowing. To say this cafe is popular is an understatement, it is also genius.

Lowell Cafe is not a gimmick — because while having the chance to smoke cannabis is a draw, the food is equally important, and will keep people coming back to the cafe. According to the Los Angeles Times, guests can enjoy the service of a flower host, or a “budtender” who will walk you through a cannabis guide that will essentially make your order suited to your tastes. What makes this café unique is that the uses flavor profiles in found in different strains of cannabis. 

Drummer, a Le Cordon Bleu-trained chef, has an Instagram that shows some of the food she prepares and checking out the café’s menu, hungry visitors can also enjoy items — like its Crispy Chicken, featuring brined Jidori chicken thigh, kale slaw and tomato and house pickles or its Pulled Pork, featuring pulled pork shoulder, market blueberry barbecue sauce, caramelized onions and kale slaw. 

The development of this restaurant came from a chef who has done the work of understanding cannabis cooking. Before Lowell Café, Drummer executive produced a project with Spotify called the Breaking Bread series, where people would consume a four to six course menu infused with cannabis. From there, she found her food home at Lowell, where their products matched her food style.

Chef Drummer is also the author of Cannabis Cuisine: Bud Pairings of a Born Again chef, so her knowledge about food and cannabis is well researched and approachable. For more information on Lowell Cafe, please follow its Instagram and be sure to follow chef Andrea Drummer on Instagram and if you are interested in her services, check out Elevation VIP.

Chicago Mayor Plans to Level Cannabis Market Playing Field

The move is motivated by complaints that new cannabis laws do not provide paths for Black and brown people to thrive in what appears to be a billion dollar industry

On Monday, Lightfoot said up to $15 million that is generated by tax-increment financing could serve as seed money for Black and brown Chicago residents to learn the business and “buy into” a city plan to open a “cooperative cultivation center,” according to the Chicago Sun-Times. Most importantly, the money could help minorities overcome their largest hurdle to getting involved in the industry: capital

READ MORE: Cannabis sales in Illinois hit nearly $3.2 million on first day of legalization

Currently, “the vast majority” of people who cultivate and run legalized marijuana businesses are white men, the mayor said.

“This is a very, very expensive business to get involved with. The basics to be a cultivator requires about a $13 million to $15 million investment. There are not a lot of people that have that, particularly in a market that a lot of banks and traditional lenders won’t touch,” Lightfoot said, according to the Sun-Times. “I think the only way to really crack this nut is for the city to invest its own resources to get engaged, get diverse entrepreneurs involved in the most lucrative part of the business, which is cultivation.”

“First of all, we’ve got to jump through the regulatory hoops. … Hopefully, we will get those roadblocks cleared. But I’m very serious about it,” the mayor added.

In December, Lightfoot first mentioned the concept of a city-owned cultivation center, in response to a threat from Jason Ervin, the City Council’s Black Caucus chairman, to delay the Jan. 1 start date for selling recreational weed in Chicago to July 1 due to lack of minority representation.

Ervin continues to be angry because Black people have paid the highest price in the war on drugs yet have “zero representation” among the owners of 11 medical marijuana dispensaries up and running on New Year’s Day.

Lightfoot believes if the city gets involved in the recreational marijuana business, it could open the doors to minority participation. “One of the things that every entrepreneur that’s a small businessperson faces is access to capital. There are some things that we can do using existing city resources to help facilitate that,” she explained, reported the Sun-Times.

READ MORE: Illinois city plans reparations fund for Black residents using cannabis revenue

“I’ve made no secret of the fact that I would like to have the opportunity for the city to create a cooperative cultivation center so we can bring a professional in, let the professionals run it. But then, people will buy into the cooperative — either with modest cash investment or sweat equity — and eventually, after they learn the business from top-to-bottom, turn that over to them,” Lightfoot added.

Source – TheGrio

Plant Growth Regulators

Plant growth regulators are molecules that influence the development of plants and are generally active at very low concentrations. There are natural regulators, which are produced by the plant itself, and also synthetic regulators; those found naturally in plants are called phytohormones or plant hormones.

Substances considered phytohormones include auxins, gibberelins, cytokinins, abscisic acid and ethylene, and more recently brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, systemin, polyamines, nitric oxide and signal peptides. In this article We take a closer look at auxins

There are differences between plant and animal hormones. For example, animal hormones are synthesized in particular organs or tissues, and by definition they act in different places to where they are produced. This is not necessarily true for phytohormones; some exert their action in exactly the smame place where they are synthesized.

Although all phytohormones have their own specific effects, their combination produces a varied response in plants.

An overview of which plant hormone is responsible for which plant process.


The main effect of auxins is to cause cell elongation, mainly due to the alteration of cell wall plasticity. Auxins are synthesized in the apical meristems and to a lesser degree in the roots. The main auxin to be synthesized naturally by plants is indole acetic acid (IAA), although others have been found such as phenylacetic acid, the chlorindoles and, more recently, indole butyric acid (IBA).

The movement of these phytohormones is from the apices to the roots (basipetal) and vice versa (acropetal). However, basipetal movement is much more rapid than acropetal movement

Some of the effects of auxins in plants include:

Apical dominance. It is well known among growers that when one eliminates the main apical axis (main vertical stem) of a plant, secondary apices will begin to grow and several of these will go on to form main stems. This occurs because the auxins produced by the apical meristem suppresses the growth and development of secondary buds.

Rhizogenesis. Auxins are the main components responsible for the formation of root cells. This property is used by gardeners to produce cuttings: applying auxins to the base of the cut promotes the formation of new roots. This rhizogenesis occurs at very low concentrations of auxins, since higher concentrations of auxins suppress root growth and development. However, it is the presence of other phytohormones that determines whether the new cells become roots or other organs. The balance between auxins and cytokinins plays a very important role in this process. Thus when plant cells are grown in vitro in culture media, if the concentration of auxins is greater than that of cytokinins, new roots will be formed. However, if the concentration of cytokinins is greater than that of auxins, the cells will eventually develop into new buds. When the concentration of the two hormone types is similar, cell growth will occur without differentiation, forming a mass of developing cells called a callus.

Geotropism. Gravity exerts an effect on plant development. When a plant stem is placed in a horizontal position, lateral buds will begin to develop and may form roots in the zone which is in contact with the soil. This is due to the accumulation of auxins due to the effect of gravity. This phenomenon is used to obtain new plants using a technique called layering.

Phototropism. Plants tend to grow towards the light. This process is regulated by auxins, which accumulate in parts that receive less light; this results in the elongation of the cells in this zone and makes the stem curve towards the light. Further reading in: The effect of light spectrum on plant development.

Regulation of abscission. Abscission is the shedding of some parts of the plant. In many cases the cause is the aging of the plant tissue, called senescence. The exogenous application of auxins will reduce abscission in many species.

Phototropism is the growth of a plant in response to light. This process is regulated by auxins. A: when sunlight is overhead, the IAA molecules (Indole Acetic Acid; the main auxin to be synthesised naturally by plants) produced by the apical meristem are distributed evenly in the shoot. B: once the sunlight starts to reach the shoot at an angle, the IAA molecules move to the far side and induce elongation of cells on that side. C: cell elongation results in the bending of the shoot toward the light.

The Cannabis Group Helping People of Color Profit From Cannabis

Husband-and-wife co-founders Eddie and Sherra Armstrong want to help make medical cannabis profitable for people of color. The couple recently launched Cannabis Capital Group, a consulting firm that assists marijuana-based companies with the education, advocacy, and investment needed to compete in the space. 

“We want to be seen as public advocates for responsibility around cannabis: how you use it; how police officers treat it when they interact with people; and how you use it as medicine for your grandparents or if you’re an individual who’s received a medical cannabis card in the state of Illinois,” Armstrong said in a statement to The Network Journal. “We want to be able to provide that education channel with organizations such as Chicago NORML and the National Cannabis Industry Association that are already providing those tools to communities. More importantly, we want to serve minority communities that might not be able to get the same education or go online and find the same information that other people can readily find.”

The market is projected to be an $80 billion business by 2030 according to the site, yet, blacks own less than 4% of the companies created in comparison to the 81% of cannabis businesses owned by whites, according to Marijuana Business Daily. 

The Armstrongs also plan to roll out a crowdfunding platform to allow investors to get involved. “Think of a product maker, for example, who creates a product used for the treatment of seizures,” Armstrong continued. “As these new companies start up and bring products to the marketplace, Cannabis Capital Group plans to be the conduit between the startup business and investors who might not regularly invest in these types of opportunities.” These investors will include physicians, pharmacists, nutritionists, and veterinarians with whom they have already built relationships.

Source – BlackEnteprise 

Plant nutrition and nutrient deficiency part 2

Nutrient uptake and transport

Nutrients are usually taken up by the root system. This process involves the following steps. The first requirement is mobility of the nutrients through the soil or any substrate in the rhizosphere to the roots. Then the nutrients need to pass several ‘root barriers’; the cell wall, followed by the cell membrane. The crucial steps inside the plant are the migration of the nutrients to vascular tissue (called the xylem), followed by cell to cell transport.

The shifting of nutrients through the soil depends on the several soil characteristics; pH, structure, moisture content and microbial activity. Some micro-organisms affect the rhizosphere (especially mycorrhizal fungi, which interact directly with plant roots), but most soil borne micro-organisms do not or hardly affect the rhizosphere. Micro-organisms can be beneficial (e.g. improving nutrient availability) or harmful (e.g. in competition for soil nutrients or causing root diseases). The dissolved nutrients are transported with the convective flow of water from the soil to the plant roots. This flow depends highly on the water consumption of the plant and the average nutrient concentration in the water. As we will see later in this article, water uptake by the plant and nutrient content in the substrate can be controlled easily by the grower.

A small percentage (less than 1%) of the nutrients is taken up by interception through the root tip. This interception is based on direct ion exchange, where positively or negatively charged elements are swapped (e.g. a proton (H+) from the root for a potassium ion (K+) from the substrate or nutrient solution).

Now how are the nutrients ‘in the flow’ taken up by a plant (figure 1)? The biggest barrier is usually the cell membrane which is highly selective. The basic structure of a cell membrane is the phospholipid bilayer, which has very low permeability for most nutrients. Carbon dioxide, oxygen, water and some neutral molecules like urea are the only products that can easily pass the membrane directly through the lipid layer by diffusion.

Figure 1: Schematic overview of a root (hair) cell membrane. The portals incorporated into the cell membrane are transport proteins. These transport proteins function because all essential mineral nutrients are absorbed as positively or negatively charged ions (boron being the only exception here). a ‘symport’ transports the desired nutrients and protons in the same direction. These are usually negatively charged ions such as nitrates (nO3-), phosphates (H2PO4-) and sulphates (SO42-). The ‘antiport’ transports positively charged ions in exchange for protons (H+). For instance, excess potassium ions (K+) can be moved outside the cell. as can be seen in the picture, a proton (H+) is required in both cases to facilitate the transportation process. a ‘uniport’ transports compounds, molecules or ions without known coupling to the transport of any other compound, molecule or ion. Energy (aTP) is needed to re-transport the proton outside the cell.

All other essential mineral nutrients are absorbed as ions (except boron). Therefore all nutrients (except boron) need membrane transporters. To facilitate the uptake of these nutrients, the cell membrane contains so-called transport proteins embedded in the cell membrane, controlling the intracellular environment (=the space in the plant cell). Two main mechanisms of cross-membrane movement can be identified; passive and active. Passive movement is the easy way, via carrier proteins and transport through ion channels. The active method is by ATP-ases or cotransport (Knox, Ladiges & Evans). ATP-ases are proteins that carry the ‘energy molecule’ ATP. The energy that is released by breaking down ATP is used to open or close specific transportation ports.

The driving force for passive movement is diffusion. It is selective for single nutrient molecules, requires no input of energy and has a non-linear dependence on concentration. Molecules will diffuse until the concentration is the same everywhere.

Ion channel transport can be controlled by voltage or ion concentration, even by light or hormones. Active transport requires input of energy, but nutrients can be transported against their concentration gradient.

Long distance transport

Several pathways of nutrient transport have been described in the plant. The most common one is the nutrient uptake by the root, followed by ‘long distance transport’ via the xylem vessels to the leaves and flowers (or any other plant organ). For the long distance transport two driving forces play a key role; the water potential gradient and the root pressure. Root pressure arises when osmosis drives water from the soil into the roots. Effectively because plants accumulate the nutrients taken up in the xylem tissue.

Factors that influence nutrient uptake

There are intrinsic and environmental factors which affect the nutrient uptake. Charge and ion diameter are intrinsic factors. Environmental factors are light, temperature, water, O2, pH, concentration and interaction between nutrients. The uptake often increases in the following order; uncharged molecules are taken up better than monovalent cations and anions, followed by bivalent cations and anions (Marschner, 2011).

The nutrient uptake is pH dependent, but not every nutrient is equally affected. In most cases there is an optimum and too high and too low pH levels decrease the nutrient uptake. The root zone pH influences the charge of the root surface which is slightly negative. Most nutrients are plant available in the pH range 5.5-6.5. Light is a source of driving forces, therefore there are diurnal fluctuations in nutrient uptake. Like pH also temperature has an optimum level, too high and too low temperatures decreases nutrient uptake.

Temperature is a driving force for evaporation of plants, opening stomata and the root zone temperature depend the nutrient uptake. Water is important, because, except for interception, nutrients are transferring through mass flow and diffusion, all of which are dissolved in the soil solution. It is important to maintain a suitable soil water content (60-80% field water holding capacity) for optimal growth of plants. Oxygen will limit plant growth in poorly aerated substrates (Hopkins, 1950). The higher the nutrient concentration the higher the uptake rate, the increase slows down at very high concentrations. Interaction between ions can be antagonism (competition) or synergism. In the first case one ion inhibits the absorption of another ion. And in the second case one ion enhances the absorption of another ion.

Competition can be between cation versus cation, anion versus anion, the same charge and different charge. A single salt resulting in plant poisoning is called toxicity of a single salt (KCl, CaCl). Ion antagonism is referred as the interaction among ions can limit the toxicity of a single salt (NaCl+KCl+CaCl2 or NaCl+CaCl2). Synergism is that anions promote cation uptake and divalent cations promote mono-charged cations (Ca2+ promotes the uptake of K- and Cl-).

Fertilization of crops

The uptake of nutrients is facilitated by cell membrane bound protein transporters membrane transporters. Synthesis of transporters responds to nutrient deficiency and toxicity. Nutrient transporters behave like enzymes. Transport can be driven by concentration and electrical gradient (passive transport) and metabolic energy (active transport).

The quality of the crop, or the fertilization success of crops depend on a phenomenon, which can be shortly explained by the following theory. The barrel theory (or the law of minimum) is about the crop yield which is limited by the most deficient nutrient, and the limited nutrient is changeable. This concept was originally applied to plant or crop growth, where it was found that increasing the amount of plentiful nutrients did not increase plant growth. Only by increasing the amount of the limiting nutrient (the one most scarce in relation to ‘need’) was the growth of a plant or crop improved (see figure 2).

Figure 2: an overview of the barrel concept (the ‘law of the minimum’). This theory relates to crop yield, and states that the yield is limited by the nutrient which is the most deficient; this could be any one of the nutrients shown. according to this image, the growth of a plant or crop can only be improved by increasing the amount of this ‘limiting’ nutrient.

There is also absorption of mineral nutrients by the leaves. Foliar nutrition is a method in which the fertilizer is applied to plant shoot, usually to leaves. The advantage of foliar nutrition is that the supply and uptake of nutrients is effective and fast, because the usual lag period between root uptake and vessel transportation towards the plant organs is cut out. Furthermore, the nutrients applied have a higher utilization rate. Leaf fertilizers are usually a supplement way to compensate macronutrient deficiency such as nitrogen and magnesium, but also effective against micronutrient deficiencies such as iron.

The concentration which can be applied is not too high. The nutrients need to remain on the leaf surface, preferably in a thin film. Therefore, the mixture of nutrients should be applied together with a surfactant. Spraying is recommended only in the evening or on a cloudy day to prevent burn marks.

Read the full article and part one at CannaGardening

Mokko’s Rasta Pasta

Look at this bone to bloodclaat! Ackee boil, Ackee boil….. Some Jamaica/Italy fusion on this one! Rasta Mokko (with Ratty) prepares some freshly picked ackee & salt mackerel in step one of this Rasta Pasta meal! Okra, Garlic, Scallion, Thyme…..make sure you pick the mackerel well though or it can be deadly…… We chat dangerous skellington bones, taste some Baba Roots, counting time VS food business, a thyme to laugh, a time to cry and deadly molasses…. bless up, Matthew & Mokko ★SUPPORT★ ★CONNECT★ Ras Kitchen Instagram & Facebook… ★VISIT RASTA MOKKO★ ★Music★ Ras Kitchen Intro/Outro… Devil and the Perfects (Hanging out) Blue Topaz- Messed Up Break up Sarah the Illstrumentalist-Grey Hematite Jimmy Krak Korn- out West Pandora-The New Fools

Black Owned Cannabis Business You Should Know About!

As the number of states legalizing marijuana steadily increases, African Americans are slowly but surely carving out their own space within the billion dollar industry. Since Blacks have been disproportionately criminalized for marijuana possession for decades, it’s refreshing to see more take hold of the industry and claim it. These Black entrepreneurs are at the forefront of that movement.

Apothecary Brands

Apothcary provides discreet, high end luxury accessories to elevate your cannabis experience.
Location: Online
Owner: Whitney Beatty


ART420 is a Cannabis Inspired Art Show celebrating the artistic expression of the Cannabis Culture.
Owner: Erik Range

Budding Solutions

Budding Solutions is a boutique cannabis consulting firm based in Baltimore, MD providing consulting and management services to startups and established organizations in the Cannabis Industry.
Owner: Shanita Penny

The Canna MDs

The Canna MDs is a family-owned business specializing in the use of Cannabis Therapeutics for their patients. They’ve counseled several thousands of patients in using cannabis therapies to promote and restore health, wellbeing, and function.
Owners: Dr. Rachel Knox & Dr. Jessica Knox

Comfy Tree

ComfyTree provides cannabis training, consulting, and resources on how to enter and operate within the cannabis industry.
Owners: Tiffany Bowden

District Growers

District Growers is a close-knit, local business providing the highest quality cannabis products on the market. The company is also a registered medical cannabis cultivator..
Owner: Corey Barnette
Location: Washington D.C.


RELATEDMeet the First Black Woman to Own a Marijuana Dispensary in Colorado


EstroHaze is a multi-media platform that provides cannabis business, lifestyle, and career resources tailored to women of color.
Owners: Safon Floyd, Kali Wilder and Sirita Wright
Location: Online

The Hollingsworth Cannabis Company

The Hollingsworth Cannabis Co is a family owned and operated Tier III producer and processor. At their Seattle company you can find quality cannabis hand-packed to order.
Location: Seattle, WA
Owner: Raft Hollingsworth

Marijuana Investment & Private Retreat

(Photo: Marc Piscotty / for NBC News)
MIPR Holdings is a cannabis-related consulting services company focusing on the development and growth of businesses seeking to tap into the marijuana space. Their overall vision is to educate communities most effected by the “War on Drugs” and empower them to get involved in the cannabis industry whether as business owners, or as investors with the intent of creating generational wealth.
Owner: Khadijah and Charles Adams
Location: Aurora, Colorado

Minority Cannabis Business Association

The Minority Cannabis Business Association (MCBA) is the first non-profit organization created to progress the cannabis industry by increasing diversity.
Co-Founders: Jesce Horton and Tiffany Bowden

Minorities For Medical Marijuana

Minorities for Medical Marijuana is an organization providing education, marketing and more to minority communities on cannabis public policy, business, healthcare access, and social impact.
Owner: Roz McCarthy
Headquarters: Orlando, FL

Panacea Valley Gardens

Panacea Valley Gardens is a family-owned cultivation facility dedicated to growing clean, consistent, high-quality cannabis in Oregon, from concentrates to edibles.
Location: Portland, OR
Owner: Jesce Horton

Simply Pure

(Photo: George Demopoulos / Business Den)
Simply Pure is the first Black woman-owned dispensary in Denver, CO that offers customers high quality, organically grown and cured cannabis (concentrates, medicinal CBD oils, and edibles from marijuana infused jams and granola bars). Co-owner Wanda James also left us with so many gems during our interview with her. Read that HERE.
Owners: Wanda James & Scott Durrah
Location: Denver, CO


StashTwist is a Black woman-operated,non-profit cannabis collective in the East Bay providing safe access to high-quality medical cannabis and cannabis products. They offer select edibles, oils, loose-leaf herb, tinctures, vape pens, topicals, and everything in between.
Owner: Andrea Unsworth

Supernova Women

(Photo: Roxanne Pasibe)
Supernova Women is an organization that offers networking for women of color interested in entering the cannabis industry.
Co-Owners: Andrea Unsworth, Amber Senter, Sunshine Lencho, Nina Parks
Location: Online

Viola Extracts

Marc Piscotty / for NBC News
Viola is a Denver-based cannabis extraction company dedicated to providing the purest concentrates for an elevated experience.
Owner: Dan Pettigrew
Location: Denver, CO

The Weed Show

The Weed Show is a daily series hosted by Charlo Greene. You may remember her as the Alaskan news anchor who quit while live on air with the now infamous words “Fuck It, I Quit.” share the most useful, interesting and entertaining information about weed that you can use to live your best life.
Owner: Charlo Greene
Location: Online

For more Black-owned businesses, check out our directory of over 2,500 Black-owned businesses HERE.

Source – OfficialBlackWallStreet