The Golden Guide
Hallucinogenic Plants

by Richard Evans Schultes

What are hallucinogenic plants? How do they affect mind and body? Who uses them – and why? This unique Golden Guide surveys the role of psychoactive plants in primitive and civilized societies from early times to the present. The first nontechnical guide to both the cultural significance and physiological effects of hallucinogens, HALLUCINOGENIC PLANTS will fascinate general readers and students of anthropology and history as well as botanists and other specialists. All of the wild and cultivated species considered are illustrated in brilliant full color.

Purple Urkle’s history is as complex as its flavor palate. A California strain, the origins are believed to stem from a select phenotype of Mendocino Purps, while the essence is a blend of skunk, berry, and fresh grapes. Consumers report the indica effects to be deeply relaxing, sleep-inducing, and a great option for full-body pain relief. The short onset of effects make it a perfect nighttime strain for those who suffer from insomnia.

Puerto Rico is facing billions of dollars in budget cuts, a public debt load of more than $70 billion and a declining population as people flee to the mainland seeking better opportunities. But people are betting that the new cannabis industry can revert the situation.

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — Jesus Aponte pushes a door open to reveal hundreds of aromatic, spiky green plants, a crop that Puerto Rico hopes will help it ease a grinding economic crisis by generating millions in revenue and tens of thousands of jobs.

Aponte, a 29-year-old biologist and chemical engineer, had been thinking of joining the wave of young Puerto Rican

professionals heading to the U.S. to seek work — an exodus that has aggravated the U.S. territory’s woes. But then he saw the saw the island’s medical marijuana industry start to expand, and found one of the rare new jobs opening up on the island, overseeing some 2,000 plants at the Natural Ventures facility.

“This is an economic niche that we can grab on to,” he said, though he added, “A lot of people told me, ‘What are you doing with your life? You’re throwing away your future.’”

But like more than two dozen U.S. states, Puerto Rico is pinning a little of its future on the recently illegal drug.

The territory legalized medical marijuana by decree nearly two years ago and new Gov. Ricardo Rossello last month signed a measure that set out a legal framework for the industry. Backers say that will spark an expansion of the pot fields, manufacturing centers and dispensaries that have been popping up across the island.

“A lot of people were waiting for this law,” said attorney Goodwin Aldarondo, president of Puerto Rico Legal Marijuana, a consulting company. “It’s the only viable alternative we have to solve the economic situation. It’s been many, many years since Puerto Rico has had a new industry.”

For Narelis Cortes, the issue isn’t so much work as conquering pain.

She’s one of nearly 9,000 Puerto Ricans who have paid $25 a year for a permit to use medical marijuana to treat at least 14 preapproved conditions including HIV, cancer, multiple sclerosis, migraines, anxiety and epilepsy.

The 32-year-old mother and Air Force veteran said rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia and the initial stages of Parkinson’s disease had kept her in bed for hours a day. She said she spends about $350 a month on medical marijuana. She vapes every four to six hours and has eliminated the need for 20 medications.

“I’m functional now,” she said.

The island’s treasury secretary says the medical marijuana industry could generate up to $100 million a year, in part through a sales and use tax, and help ease an unemployment rate that has hovered around 12 percent.

That would be a rare glimmer of good news for an island facing billions of dollars in budget cuts, a public debt load of more than $70 billion and a population that is declining as people flee to the mainland seeking better opportunities

Source – SeattleTimes 

Mangoes are known for being a rich source of vitamin A. Along with being able to intensify a cannabis high, mangoes also have the ability to do something equally important. They can make it last longer. Mangoes have a wonderful fragrance that is caused by a chemical called myrcene and the terpenes which are located inside. These can also be found in cannabis and various other exotic plants. When a person eats a mango, the terpenes will go straight into the bloodstream. It does not matter if the person smokes cannabis before or after they eat a mango, the psychoactive ingredient THC will interact with the terpenes. Once this interaction begins to take place, the potency of the high the person experiences will be dramatically increased. The amount of time the person experiences this high will also last longer. However, the amount of time will vary from person to person.
Cannabis Mango
While the THC in cannabis and the terpenes found in mangoes will increase the level of high a person experiences no matter when the mango is eaten, it has been shown that eating a mango before taking a hit is the most effective way to ensure the best and longest lasting high. Mangoes have also demonstrated the ability to be effective pain relievers. If you want to try the mango method for yourself, you should first check your own metabolism. If you have a metabolism that is slow, consume one mango roughly two hours prior to smoking your cannabis. If you have a fast metabolism, you should eat two or three mangoes to achieve the desired effect.

Eat mangoes to avoid getting the munchies
A single mango only has 130 calories, according to the United States Department of Agriculture. All cannabis users have experienced cravings for unhealthy junk foods that are loaded with fat. Instead of loading yourself up with garbage like potato chips to satisfy your cannabis cravings, eat a mango the next time you get a case of the munchies. It is good for you and it will help you to keep off the pounds. It should be noted that people who have a high tolerance for cannabis will experience a stronger and longer lasting high than those who do not.
Mango Cannabis
Cannabis users concerned about their weight
The binge eating commonly associated with smoking cannabis has caused many people to gain a large amount of weight. If you are trying to watch your weight, eating mangoes is a great alternative for people who are on a diet. They are a low glycemic index food that can help people to lose weight and regulate their level of blood sugar. Also, mangoes are made up of 82 percent water. Since they also contain 12 percent of a person’s recommended daily fiber intake, a person can feel full without consuming a large amount of calories.

Mangoes can decrease the risk of cancerous tumors
Elevating your cannabis high and helping you keep off the pounds are not the only advantages mangoes can offer. These fruits contain polyphenols that help to fight inflammation and lower blood sugar levels. In a study performed by Texas A&M University, the polyphenols in mangoes prevented an inflammatory response in breast cells that were cancerous. This means the growth of cancerous tumors and cells can be reduced.

Source – RoyalQueenSeeds 

Bubba Kush is an indica strain that has gained notoriety in the U.S. and beyond for its heavy tranquilizing effects. Sweet hashish flavors with subtle notes of chocolate and coffee come through on the exhale, delighting the palate as powerful relaxation takes over. From head to toe, muscles ease with heaviness as dreamy euphoria blankets the mind, crushing stress while coercing happy moods. Bubba Kush exhibits a distinctive, bulky bud structure with hues that range from forest green to pale purple.

Bubba’s stocky plant stature and bulky bud structure suggest Afghani descent, but its genetic origins aren’t certain. The breeder whom this strain was named after states that Bubba Kush emerged just after 1996, when an OG Kush hybrid pollinated an unknown indica strain obtained in New Orleans. The mother plant was supposedly Northern Lights, but the genetically ambiguous indica was simply called “Bubba.” Bubba Kush has flourished from its California roots ever since.


Master Kush is a popular indica cross created out of two landrace strains from different parts of the Hindu Kush region. Master Kush is bred by the Dutch White Label Seed Company, located in Amsterdam. During maturation the plant produces a subtle earthy, citrus smell with a hint of incense, which is often described as a vintage flavor. The taste of Master Kush is reminiscent of the famous hard-rubbed charas hash. This strain holds a superb balance of full-body relaxation without the mind-numbing effect that many indica strains produce. Instead, Master Kush offers a sharpened sensory awareness that can bring out the best of any activity.

Read more about Master Kush at Leafly

Im not sure how i discovered Kay_Danai’s page but one thing that we had in common was a love for Cannabis and Yoga .. simply put! Check out what Kay shared below! 

There are many paths to the same destination… Which path led you to yoga and if there were another way for you to be led to yoga what do you think that path would look like?
I have always been called towards moving meditations. I am classically trained in dance which continues to be a passion of mine but it was a dance injury that first brought me to a yoga mat. I was looking for ways to help heal my injury and once I found yoga I never looked back. This practice came to me at the only time in my life that I was ready to embrace it, so I know there is no other way in which events could have unfolded.

What do you think you must destroy in order to rebuild for progression this year? 
I am always tearing down old agreements that I made with the world, seeing limits that I put on myself and working to let them go so I can form better habits. ​

Can yoga help you remove limits that you may have placed in your own way… If so how?

Absolutely, yoga brings awareness to limits you have set up for yourself unconsciously. To change anything you must first notice that it is limiting you, then with this awareness you can start working to create better habits and step outside of your comfort zone. It comes out of nowhere I will be thinking of a pose or how I can’t do that because *________insert excuse/reason here_____* and it dawns on me that I’m creating limits on what my body can do with my thoughts. That’s just one example I have those little moments all the time and I am so grateful for every chance I get to let something go.

Name 3 ways Yoga can enhance your Cannabis experience?

I like to focus on my breath(Pranayama) when I practice and doing this can definitely enhance your smoking experience when you can bring that same focus and awareness to the breath when you are smoking cannabis. Helping to relax your body and mind with each inhale & exhale. Yoga and working with entheogens has made me very aware about the ways in which I use cannabis. Reminding me to use it in a good way, for prayer and ritual, or healing not just to smoke to get as high as possible. I like to put intentions into the joints that I roll so the smoke can send my messages to the sky.

What crystal are you drawn to most at the moment and why do you feel it is attracting you?

Amethyst. It helps me to stay clear and centered as I go deeper on my spiritual path.

Have you ever tried yoga on entheogens if so how was that experience? feel free to share

I am a big believer in sacred medicines and have sat with Shamans from many different traditions. I have not practiced any physical asana while at ceremony but I have done pranayama (breath work) which left me feeling so connected to the beautiful loving energy of the universe. I also love to dance during ceremony and often get moved to do so. It reminds me how connected I am to the universe and that I should flow and move with the energy and not fight against it. I feel that almost (if they are mentally ready) everyone should try to connect with these plants, so they can receive these teachings that they have to offer.

I noticed your YogaForStoners tag.. How do you think trees can help when practicing yoga?
It brings you into a deeper awareness of the subtle energy in your body. Making you more aware of the body and how the energy is flowing through it. It is a Peaceful awareness, reducing tension in both the body and mind. Once tension is released from the body pain and anxiety melt away, leaving you at ease. From this place of ease it is easier to look at our current physical reality with just a little bit more compassion for the self. Cannabis changes how we think about things blocking certain receptors in the brain, I find that when I smoke before I practice I will see certain poses in a new light or find new ways to get into postures.

What strain do you prefer to practice yoga with if any?

It depends on the time of day and what type of yoga I am practicing. For mornings and Vinyasa type classes I like a good sativa which is my preferred type of cannabis. If I am taking a yin class, or practicing at night, or doing breath work I like a indica or a hybrid(indica heavy) because it helps to turn down the volume in my brain so I can let go. The exact strains change for me I like to mix up the flavors.

What would you tell someone that is interested but thinks yoga is for girls and hippies ?

A lot of people have this idea that yoga is just a bunch of stretching and girls in yoga pants but once you go to a class and leave super sweaty you will know the truth. Yoga was created by guys in India and makes you so strong physically and mentally. If they didn’t get that I would just have them try to do some arm balances then see how girly they think the practice is. Most people will see a benefit just from taking one yoga class so I would tell them just to try it, what’s the worst that could happen.

Have you had any yoga related dreams or mystical meditations? Feel free to share..

I always dream about poses that I am practice or wish I could practice. I think of it like extra time for me to work on the pose.
Which beach do you see yourself doing yoga on next?
My dream is to do yoga on the beach in Bali, but I see myself in Miami very soon and the muscle beach in Santa Monica is always calling my name with all the acro yoga that goes on there.

Is there anything you would like to say to the readers of infocus247?

If they are thinking of trying yoga but don’t think they are fit enough or flexible enough to just go for it. Everyone has to start as a beginner and once you start down a path it gets easier. Never be afraid to try new things and fail at things, that is what life is for! Have fun, laugh it all will work out. I also want to remind them to Thank their water its sacred just like cannabis. Be grateful for all these beautiful teachers.

Check out my Instagram @Kay_danai
The companies I teach with:
@Elevatedyogi for cannabis enhanced yoga classes. & @bodyshopxperts for alternative fitness for women

This past week, the medical manufacturing of cannabis, known as dagga to South Africans, was approved by the country’s government.

This past week, the medical manufacturing of cannabis, known as dagga to South Africans, was approved by the country’s government. This is not only a great feat for the people of South Africa, but also for the legacy of a fallen political figure.

Dr. Mario Oriani-Ambrosini created the Medical Innovation Bill in 2014, which proposed the complete legalization of medical and recreational cannabis. Dr. Ambrosini made his career as a firm believer in reason and justice. Among many accomplishments made in his lifetime, he was the sole Cabinet Adviser to Mangosuthu Buthelezi, South Africa’s Minister of Home Affairs, and the leader in Nelson Mandela’s Government of National Unity.

After being diagnosed with stage IV lung cancer, he became a major advocate for the legalization of cannabis before his death in August 2014.

In a speech made to the National Assembly of South Africa, he courageously advocated for cannabis’ legalization. “I was supposed to die many months ago. I am here because I had the courage to seek alternatives, [first] in Italy in the form of bicarbonate soda, and here in South Africa in the form of cannabis, marijuana, dagga.”

Excluding the legalization of recreational marijuana, the Medical Innovation Bill is now open for public comment after a letter was released from the Medical Control Council, South Africa’s medical regulatory agency that uses a variety of pharmacy and academic experts to evaluate the manufacture, distribution, sale, and marketing of medicines initially laid down by the Medicines and Related Substances Act, (Act 101 of 1965). The letter stated that the organization is in the process of forming new guidelines for the production of cannabis oil.

A slight man with a strong grip on what the people of Africa need, Chief Treasury General Narend Singh is the leading voice in this change. He is part of the Inkatha Freedom Party, the fourth largest political party in the National Assembly of South Africa. Sigh says it will be a process before medical cannabis is fully legalized.

“There seems to be a realization that we cannot be left out as a country with permitting the use of medical marijuana,” Singh said. “Even now there is a perception when people see marijuana headlines that it will be legal. Our concern is that we don’t want this to be a free-for-all. Recreational users must not feel they can just go plant this and use it in whatever form they want.”

Singh respects Dr. Ambrosini’s efforts in bringing about this legalization, but emphasizes the importance of medical use, not recreational, as Dr. Ambrosini initially included in the bill.

“Mario had fought tirelessly for this and although he proposed cannabis beyond medicinal use to also include it for recreational use, we agreed to withdraw every clause relating to non-medicinal use in our efforts to ensure it becomes legal.”

With this new legalization, a few areas of concern have been discussed, such as easier access for the South African people, education of medical personnel, and the monopolization of production.

Currently, cannabis oil is out of reach to many, due to its current cost and high demand. Easier access is crucial in South Africa, where poverty affects 45.5% of its people.

“Thousands of patients are already using cannabis oil, which comes at a premium price, and we wanted it to be made freely accessible so that the patient going to Addington or any other state hospital can request this without the exorbitant costs associated,” Singh added.

Another focus is education. Quintin van Kerken, a member of the Anti Drug Alliance and the Clear Option Addiction Recovery Program, says doctors have not been educated on cannabis treatment and will need necessary training once production is in full swing. A big part of this is setting aside the negative presuppositions about cannabis. Because marijuana has been, for so long, regarded as an illegal, abusive substance, it will take effort and planning to educate doctors on the benefits of cannabis as well as dosage, administration, and teaching their patients about cannabis treatment.

Singh also discusses the possibility of a cannabis monopoly. In a 2013 article, Uruguay discussed their parameters of making cannabis legal, with the major point of keeping it monopolized under Uruguayan government. Sing wants South Africa to view production and access to cannabis from a philanthropic standpoint.

“Production must be aimed at making it a medicinal, affordable drug for those who need it. It should not be an exclusive drug of choice for those who have the money.”

Just like other states in the US that have legalized cannabis, there will be stringent procedures and restrictions. Once manufacturing and distribution can be being, however, the benefits of making cannabis oil easily accessible will undeniably help South Africans, just like Dr. Oriani-Ambrosini hoped.

Source – MerryJane