The ancient Egyptians had two different styles of harps: the more portable “shoulder” harp and the larger “bow” harp. Both of these could be played using the one-handed and two-handed playing techniques. Many ancient Egyptian paintings prominently featured harps, proving that music was important to the civilization.
The Ancient Egyptian harps varied greatly in form, size,
and the number of their strings. They are represented in the
ancient paintings with 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17, 20, 21,
and 22 strings.
A few examples of found and depicted Ancient Egyptian harps
are listed below:
• The tomb of Debhen from Giza [c. 2550 BCE] depicts two
bow harps, with well defined sound bodies.
• A huge bow harp is depicted in a relief from the tomb of
Seshemnofer [Giza, 5th Dynasty, c. 2500 BCE].
• A bow harp is depicted in a scene from the tomb of Ti [c.
2400 BCE] at Sakkara.
• A bow harp is depicted in the Ptah-hotep tomb [c. 2400
BCE]. The scene shows 2-tone playing [also see page 73].
• A harp is depicted in a relief from the tomb of Nekauhor
[2390 BCE, Sakkara, now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New
York]. The scene shows 3-tone playing of music [also see
• 5 harp players in polyphonic playing are depicted in
Idut’s tomb, [c. 2320 BCE] at Sakkara.
• The wife of the deceased Mereruka [c. 2290 BCE] is shown
playing a large harp in Mereruka’s tomb in Sakkara. She
is playing two different strings of the harp—polyphony
Read more about Egyptian Harps here.
The 3,200-year-old skeletal remains of a young man found in a tomb in Africa harbor the oldest evidence yet of cancer in humans, researchers said. The bones, found last year by Durham University and British Museum researcher Michaela Binder in Sudan on the banks of the River Nile, were riddled with telltale pockmarks of metastatic cancer, a tumor that spreads from the original cancer site to other parts of the body, according to findings reported in this week’s issue of the journal PLOS ONE.
While cancer is usually blamed on modern lifestyle, a consequence of poor food choices, lack of exercise and excess smoking and drinking, Binder said that this discovery is evidence that the disease may be as old as humanity itself.
“It was likely a less prevalent disease than it is today but this shows that many factors in the environment that have been shown to cause cancer have been around a long time,” she told ABC News today.
Possible causes for the unfortunate young man’s cancer? He might have inhaled smoke from wood-burning fires. Binder said smoky fires can contain just as many unhealthy chemicals as cigarette smoke. Or, he may have been exposed to the parasite schistosomiasis, which is associated with bladder and breast cancer in the same geographical region today. It’s also possible the 25- to 35-year-old man may have had a genetic predisposition to cancer.
“We have no proof of the cause. We simply don’t know,” she said.
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Aztec pyramids, pyramid-shaped structures, are an important part of ancient architecture of the Aztec Civilization. These structures were usually step pyramids with temples on top – more akin to the ziggurats of Mesopotamia than to the pyramids of Ancient Egypt. The Mesoamerican region’s largest pyramid by volume – indeed, the largest in the world by volume – is the Great Pyramid of Cholula, in the Mexican state of Puebla. These Aztec pyramids were mainly built for religious purposes. As mentioned before, the Aztecs were a religious group of people. These pyramids were therefore used to worship their Gods as well as to offer a sacrifice. The temple area on the top of the pyramid often had flat spaces, which played the role of a sacrificial block.
Read more on Aztec Culture Here